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Now we will move on with our discussion on Importance of architecture with respect to "Architecture as Poetry of Construction and Frozen music".
Architecture is based on building construction and poetry is
based on prose. But architecture is not mere art of building construction so
also poetry is not mere prose.
Prose converts into poetry with the introduction of verses,
metres, and fine flow of language etc. and there is enjoyment over the artistic
representation in poetry.
So also in music, there is a combination of harmonious
sounds arranged in a systematic way so as to arouse excitement and enjoyment.
Similarly, the building converts into fine piece of
architecture when it is composed of elements which are systematically as well
as aesthetically arranged so as to serve a utilitarian purpose and in addition
to have emotional appeal.
And we enjoy at the loo of such building which strikes deep
and solemn chords in the human heart. In words of Goethe “architecture is ‘poetry
of construction’ and frozen music”.
With this article, we come to the end of the discussion on "Importance of Architecture".
Now we will move on with our discussion on "Architecture as Mother of all Arts".
We can look at a thing in three different ways.
First, we may look at a thing considering its practical
goodness and usefulness. We may be pleased, only because the thing is useful
and hence it may be considered as suitable.
Such kinds of arts are called “Technique Arts ” where
utility alone is important.
For example: cooking, fishing etc.
Secondly, we may look at a thing in a speculatively
thoughtful way, which is different from appreciation utility. The scientific
happiness derived from ‘truth’ will be the result of art. Such arts are called “Phonetic
Arts”. For example, drama, eloquence etc.
The third way of looking at a thing is not from point of
view of goodness, truth but at its appearance, shape and colour. What it looks
like is more important than what it is!
Here we search for beauty in a thing rather than its
practical utility. Such arts, which involve beauty are called ‘Aesthetic Arts’.
For example: Sculpture, Fresco etc.
Technique arts stand for ‘Goodness’, Phonetic arts for
expression of ‘Truth’ and aesthetic arts for ‘Beauty’. But architecture stands
for ‘Goodness, Truth and Beauty’ which are its three main principles. In short,
architecture can thus be said as “Mother of all Arts”.
In our next article, we will discuss Importance of Architecture with respect to "Architecture as Poetry of Construction and Frozen Music".
Now we will continue our discussion on "Importance of Architecture with respect to Architecture as a Fine Art".
Architecture as a Fine Art
Any human activity where there is skill directed towards
production of beauty is considered as an ‘Art’.
Art is both static and dynamic. The static art delights in
order and proportion. It deals with space and result in fine architecture and
planning. The dynamic art delights in movements and rythm. It deals with time
and results in music, poetry and dancing. The painting and dancing appeal to
the eye, whereas music appeals to the ear and poetry to the mind.
Architecture is the most comprehensive of all visual arts
and has a right to claim superiority over other arts, since it assimilates and
translates all these faculties and beauties into an elegant building.
We would further discuss the next point "Architecture as Mother of all Arts" and "Architecture as Poetry of Construction and Frozen Music" in our succeeding article.
Architecture as Poetry of Construction and Frozen Music
Let us now start with our discussion with Inspiration...
Some of the monumental works erected to commemorate some
important event or in memory of great national leaders arouse inspiration in
the minds of the people for all the times.
The tower of Victory built by Rana of Chittor and Indian war
Memorial at Delhi inspire the feelings of patriotism.
Record of the past history
Architecture is the most powerful record of the past history
of any country. It throws light on the social, religious customes and manners
and development of the country. The development of the civilization of any
country is reproduced in the development of architecture.
Architecture is therefore considered as the printing press
of all ages and gives history of state of society in which it was erected.
Thus Egyptian architecture reflects the absolute power of
the Pharaohs and slavery of the people. Greek architecture that we so admire
was the product of the democratic belief of the Greek Civilization. It had rich
beauty which reached highest perfection. The majestic buildings of Rome clearly
show the great skill and constructive ability and expression of “Roman Imperial
Power”, but royal palaces and thermae speak of their luxury.
Basilican churches reflect religious enthusiasm. Gothic
reflects the condition of passionate energy. French Renaissance shows the
pompous life of the Monarchs, in their palaces and the Indian architecture
clearly shows its spiritual content and represents in numerous religious
buildings which are characterized by the treatment of wall surfaces containing
the high or low relief of noble ‘God of Indian Mythology’.
Now temples and churches are becoming less and less in 20th
century, whereas we come across libraries, museums, markets, hospitals,
town-halls, institutions, swimming pools, theatres etc which are the indices of
social forces at work. Architecture is more than a history of form and style,
it is a product of cultural and environmental factors and expression of the way
of life of the people for whom it is built. Architecture is therefore sometimes
called as “matrix of civilisation”.
In our next article, we will discuss Importance of Architecture with respect to "Architecture as Fine arts".